A concealer started off as a camouflage product but, now it is used for a number of varied uses. In the 1920s, concealers were used to cover up burns or veins that were seen to be protruding. Now you may also apply it to avoid lipstick bleeding.
Max factor, in 1914, used the concept of pan-cake makeup on film artists for cinema. Slowly and steadily that concept was picked up by the common man and used as, what we know today, a foundation.
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And then there is much more to know, with those stories! Let’s go ahead…
- What is a concealer and foundation?
- What are the various uses of a concealer and a foundation?
- Concealer vs foundation
- How to apply a foundation and a concealer – various application procedures?
What is a concealer and a foundation?
A concealer is a product that helps to even the skin’s surface. It covers the imperfections on your skin. Such as, covering up of blemishes, pores, fine lines, color unevenness and colour correction.
Fun fact – they can also be used to cover up tattoos that went wrong and birthmarks you don’t wish to flaunt.
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Concealers are of three major types – highlighting or brightening, blemish removal and colour correctional concealers. Some of the ingredients used in a concealer are mineral oil, glycerin, talc, oleyl alcohol, sodium chloride, water, hydrolyzed corn starch etc. You can also avail for concealers that provide full coverage cover up too.
A foundation is a cosmetic beauty product that is found in different skin colour shades. It helps to achieve a flawless skin complexion. The word “foundation” means to create an even canvas base on your skin for further, an easy makeup application process.
Depending on the consistency, density, the kind of coverage and the finishing result, there are 5 types of foundation -liquid, cream (thicker than others), powder for oily skin and light coverage, serum based and water based for acne prone skin.
Foundation is used in the beginning of any makeup process, whether it is a light makeup or heavy duty bridal makeup.
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What are the various uses of a concealer and a foundation?
Uses of a concealer
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- It helps to correct your skin imperfections by helping to blend it with the natural skin colour beside the imperfect areas.
- It can be applied for a daily use of the skin pores or slim blemishes are recurring and have not subsided at all.
- You can use a concealer for under eyes, eyeshadow and face. When you use it as a eyeshadow, it helps forward to blend any eyeshadow color more effectively.
- Concealers have shown to be very useful in hiding face scars and signs of ageing, such as fine wrinkles and fine lines.
- If you happen to use a concealer with a foundation, it essentially gives you a smooth and even skin tone.
- Save your day on a puffy morning face because with the help of a concealer you can put out dull looking eyes, reduce any puffiness in under eyes. This, giving you a fresh look for the day.
- Besides being a great tool for face makeup, it also works conveniently as a face sunscreen. Concealers which contain SPF 15 and more, are very useful for protecting you from harmful sun rays.
- One of the ingredients present in a concealer – the salicylic acid works to prevent any pimple and acne breakouts. Some ingredients that are rich in antioxidants properties, helps to retain skin liveliness.
- Concealers help to fight acne and thus, provide treatment based use.
- It can also help to highlight the areas such as cheekbones, chin area, the nose bridge and uplift eyebrows.
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Uses of a foundation
- A foundation helps in the enhancement of natural skin tone, it makes your natural skin tone more prominent and gives it an even appearance.
- It helps in contouring of jawline, upper neck area and nose.
- A foundation acts as a protective barrier from dust and pollution.
- It also acts as a sunblock by creating an impenetrable barrier that doesn’t allow the sun rays to penetrate inside the skin and damaging it.
- A meditated foundation can also be beneficial in taking care of acne breakout.
- For very oily skin, hydrating foundations made of creamy consistency and liquid based are helpful in skin hydration.
- Foundation covers up minor irregularities and minor blemishes.
- It can also be helpful to smoothen out the edges of any face scars.
- It maintains and uniformity in skin colour by balancing very hyperpigmented areas and depigmented areas.
- A foundation is used on the whole face, neck and body as well!
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Concealer vs foundation
Laying out the difference between a concealer and a foundation –
- The consistency of a concealer is thicker than a foundation. Foundations usually have a thin consistency. Because concealers have to cover certain skin scars or pimples, therefore, their density is more.
- A foundation achieves an overall look but a concealer works on problematic skin areas.
- Foundations are generally used for full face coverage and concealers, meaning concealing, it hides those areas that have any dispute.
- Concealers can be put under eyes and used as a eyeshadow but a foundation cannot be used as such.
- A foundation is not as heavily pigmented as a concealer.
- While concealers can be used to cover up tattoos for birthmarks of foundation cannot do that.
- Generally concealers come with an all combination formula that is, you can use one for basically almost all the problems. On the other hand you can use two or more foundations together to achieve the desired look.
- Unlike a foundation or concealer works on a scale system where it tries to reduce your face skin’s imperfections. A foundation helps to achieve the desired skin tone that you wish to see and it helps to hold the next layers of makeup that will be applied on the skin.
- Foundations come in large containers like big tubes or big glass bottles. Concealers come in tubes Mall like the lip balms and lipsticks.
- Concealers are used as a highlighter but foundations cannot be used in that way.
How to apply a concealer and a foundation – various application procedures
The first step whether using a concealer or foundation is to clean your face, exfoliate it and moisturize.
Generally many prefer to use a primer after moisturizing. Using a primer after putting on a moisture helps to create a space that can hold on to the next layers of makeup steadily.
We will begin first with the steps of applying a concealer
The very first thing to remember here is always to start with less amount. Keep adding more layers of the concealer as desired.
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The eye area
You start with an upside down triangle whose base marks through the waterline of your eyes. The tip goes till the cheeks. Then, dab gently and blend it’s edges into the surrounding skin tone.
For deep set eyes
For eyes that are hollow shaped and set deeply, dab your concealer in the inner corners and inside of the nose side. That will help achieve a refreshed eye look.
For highlighting eyelids divide the section of the island into three parts – inner v, middle and the end of brow bone.
Use a shade lighter than your skin tone. Set it along the leads with your fingertips tips and you are good to go.
Put the concealer at the end of your eyebrow line. On above and below the line. Thereafter, soften the edges using your fingertips.
Tip: your eyes are a very sensitive place, therefore, never drag the concealer to blend it.
Acne, dark spot, zit, redness or blemishes
For acne, zit and blemishes – use a cotton swab or a brush. Start with putting a little concealer on the exact areas. Then, blend it around the edges outwards, using a make-up sponge.
Using a fingertip might lead to more breakout and messy application.
You can use a coloured concealer on lightly to dark tinted areas of your skin, for even skin color.. For example, green concealers are used on red tinted areas.
For contouring the higher areas of your face use a concealer of two different shades.
For areas that get naturally highlighted because of the light reflecting on them, use a lighter shade concealer.
For areas of your face that are dark ok like the jawline and forehead, use darker shade.
Next up, is to blend them as naturally as possible matching the surrounding skin tone.
To plump your lips, put a little concealer in the middle portion. Use your fingertips and blend it outwards.
To prevent lip from smudging, use a fine tip brush and outline the lips with the concealer. Then apply lipstick, of your choice.
Also, you may use the concealer before applying lipstick to avoid lipstick bleeding.
Trace your concealer along the protruding collarbone area. Use a color darker than the skin tone. Use a damp make-up sponge to blend it smoothly.
For any concealing any marks on your body, a combination of setting powder and concealer is most desired. Apply one coat and then wait for 5 minutes. Keep repeating the same till you get the desired coverage.
Once you’re through with that, set it in place with a compact powder or any loose powder or a foundation.
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The process of applying of foundation –
Wash your face thoroughly then exfoliate it well and moisturize. Let the moisture soak in deeply. Use a primer to help set the makeup in place. Use a colour corrector (if needed) to even out the different tone spots on your skin.
For example, pink colour can be used on blue toned spots, peach for purple spots, green (as mentioned earlier) to cover redness and lavender for yellow tinted spots.
Before you begin with applying a foundation on your face, you can also opt to pour a small amount on the palm of your hands. Then, use your fingertips or sponge or make-up brush to blend it.
Put a small amount of foundation on the centre of your forehead, under eyes, nose bridge, nose sides and the chin area. Like I have told you, you can use your fingertips to put little spots of foundation on all these places.
If you are using a sponge to apply the foundation, then use the base of the sponge to apply in the more broader and larger areas. Use the pointed tip of the sponge in the smaller corners like the inner eye corner, the side of the nose etc.
The next step is to spread the foundation as smoothly as possible. Spread outwards by gently dabbing on the foundation. Dab and spread it inside out, towards the hairline and neck area. You may use a brush for a makeup sponge to do it. Use the makeup sponge with little water or a makeup setting spray.
Do not drag because that may lead to a rough application of the foundation. Resultantly, it will appear uneven and flaky after it dries out. Keep dabbing and blend well to remove very fine lines and smoothen out the skin texture.
Next if there are visible imperfections on your skin use a concealer to conceal them.
The last step is to set the foundation in place using a setting powder. Special emphasis must be put in the T-zone of your face because that tends to become more oily than the rest of your face. You may use a translucent dust powder or may loose powder, to set the foundation firmly.
Thereafter, you can apply the next layers of makeup, like your eyeshadow, lipstick or a bronzer or highlighter.
- Concealers are used after foundation. If you use a concealer before foundation, the process of dubbing and gentle spreading of the foundation will hamper the whole objective of using a concealer – to effectively conceal skin blemishes and imperfections. Whether you use liquid foundation, or a creamy foundation or may be your bb cream foundation; it is imperative that the concealer be used after applying the foundation. Therefore concealers must be used after you have applied your foundation.
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Concealers and foundation, if used together bring profound impact on smoothening skin surface and even skin complexion. While concealers are best to hide skin problems and imperfections, foundations are more towards, providing you a full skin coverage.
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Foundations can work to an extent on very fine lines and cover them to even out the skin texture. It’s major role is to create a base for makeup. Concealers main role is to hide any skin issues, like pores and zits. Therefore, they cannot be applied like a base on all over your face. Therefore, their mix becomes effective in achieving a smooth and even skin texture. They complement each other but have separately defined roles that cannot be replaced by one another distinctively.